About Valparaiso , Chile

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 Description   FAQ   To see & To do 
Valparaiso's bay was first populated by Changos, an ethnic group dedicated to fishing and gathering. Spanish explorers arrived in 1536, on the (Santiaguillo), a ship sent by Diego de Almagro, considered the first European explorer of Chile.
Valparaiso (or simply Valpo) became the main harbor for the nascent Chilean navy, and opened to international trade, which had been limited to commerce with Spain and its other colonies. Valparaiso soon became a required stopover for ships crossing between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans via the Strait of Magellan and Cape Horn, and gained particular importance supporting and supplying the California Gold Rush (1848-1858). In its role as a major seaport, Valparaiso received immigrants from many countries, mainly from England, Germany and Italy. German, French, Italian and English were commonly spoken among its citizens, who also had newspapers in these same languages.
Valparaiso is arguably the most important Chilean seaport, and Gran Valparaiso, Chile (which includes Valparaiso, Viña del Mar, Quilpué and Villa Alemana) has the third largest concentration of population in the country, after Gran Concepcion, and Gran Santiago. Valparaiso was declared a World Heritage Site in 2003, thanks to its historical importance, natural beauty (large number of hills surrounding a picturesque harbor), and unique architecture (particularly, a mix of 19th century styles of housing).Valparaiso is the birthplace of many historically significant figures, including Augusto Pinochet and Salvador Allende. It has also been the residence of many artists like Pablo Neruda and Nicaraguan poet Rubén Dario.
Valparaiso is famous for its nightlife, especially its bohemian pubs and bars where poets, writers, tango aficionados, sailors, university students, and just about everyone else spend hours drinking, dancing, and socializing well into the early morning hours. In fact, most restaurants and bars do not adhere to a set closing hour, but instead close "when the candles burn down." .
Location & Transport: Coordinates: 33° 01' S, 71° 38' W
Located 74 miles (120 km) northwest of Santiago and 5 miles (8 km) south of Vina del Mar on the Pacific Ocean. Valparaiso is one of the main seaports of Chile, on the Pacific Ocean, and the capital of the Valparaiso Region.
Busses leave from and to Santiago every half hour or less, and is a mere 1.5 hour ride away.
Telephone: Country code: 56, Area code: 32
Climate: The climate is generally considered to be Mediterranean, with rains restricted exclusively to the winter season. Proximity to the sea means that the land temperatures are regulated by ocean currents during the summer and winter months (October to March and April to September respectively) making the former warm and pleasant and the latter mild, with temperatures ranging between 10 and 22 degrees C. The mild climate and lack of morning frost in winter has helped the growth of robust vegetation, including both autochthonous and imported species, with such plants as the bougainvillaea, hibiscus and golden thimbles, whose gilt petals can often be seen creeping up between railway sleepers.
Places to see & things to do

With its pitoresk colorful houses and colonial style architecture, the city itself forms a major attraction and definitely a "sight to see".
Valpo is inscribed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site with the following justification: "Valparaiso is an exceptional testimony to the early phase of globalization in the late 19th century, when it became the leading merchant port on the sea routes of the Pacific coast of South America"

The Muelle Prat Wharf can be found at the foot of the Plaza Sotomayor, one of the main squares of Valparaiso. Muelle Prat is the only wharf where the public can closely watch the loading and unloading of the ships from a safe distance. You will find a typical handicrafts market at this wharf and boat trips around the harbor can also be taken from here.
You will find many funiculars, known as 'ascensores' throughout Valparaiso. These are a way for local people to be taken to and from their homes high up in the picturesque hillside neighborhoods. Some of the 'ascensores' were built as early as 1883. Make sure to try them out and enjoy some of the amazing views from the local hilltops.

La Sebastiana, Pablo Neruda's house and now museum.
“I built the house,
I made it first in the air.
Then I raised the flag into the air
And I left it hanging
From the firmament, from the star, from
The clarity and the darkness.” * Taken from “A la Sebastiana”
Ferrari 692, Valparaiso
This Art Noveau building is also known as the Baburizza Palace. It was built in 1916 for the Zanelli Family.
From July of 1971 this palace is working as the Fine Arts Museum of Valparaiso. In 1979 was declared National Monument.
You can get there with the Peral Lift.
Open from Tuesday to Sunday From 10:00 to 18:00
Tel: +56-32-213 124
The Naval and Maritime Museum is an establishment aimed to protect, preserve and divulge to the public, the Chilean Naval and Maritime historical heritage.
The premises are located at Valparaiso, Chile, Paseo 21 de Mayo, a location where you may enjoy a spectacular view of the bay and harbor. The museum, occupying since 1967 part of a building that belonged to the ex- naval school, was reconditioned maintaining the original architectural design.


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